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A comprehensive fatigue load set reduction study for offshore wind turbines with jacket substructures

A comprehensive fatigue load set reduction study for offshore wind turbines with jacket substructures

Categories Journal Papers
Year 2018
Authors Jan Häfele, Clemens Hübler, Cristian Guillermo Gebhardt, Raimund Rolfes
Published In Renewable Energy, Volume 118, April 2018, Pages 99-112
Description

Designing jacket substructures for offshore wind turbines demands numerous time domain simulations to face different combinations of wind, wave, and current states. Regarding sophisticated design methods incorporating structural optimization algorithms, a load set reduction is highly desirable. To obtain knowledge about the required size of the design load set, a study on fatigue limit state load sets is conducted, which addresses mainly two aspects. The first one is a statistical evaluation of random subsets derived from probabilistic load sets with realistic environmental data obtained from the research platform FINO3. A full set comprising 2048 load simulations is gradually reduced to subsets and the results are compared to each other. The second aspect is a systematic load set reduction with the assumption of unidirectional wind, waves, and current. Firstly, critical directions are determined. Then, unidirectional load sets are systematically reduced. The corresponding damages are compared to those obtained from probabilistic load sets for eight test structures. It is shown that the omission of wind-, wave-, and current-misalignment does not necessarily imply an excessive simplification, if considered wisely. The outcome of this study can be used to decrease the numerical effort of the jacket design process and the levelized costs of energy.

DOI 10.1016/j.renene.2017.10.097
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